Arts of Life and Behavior
The great school of arts of life
and behavior - which ranked among other schools of philosophy known as
the `Greek Philosophy - had been oriental in the origin of its professors,
its principles, and its thought; its thought uniquely impressed the thinking
of the Original Greek Sages.
By this Oriental school
we mean the school of the Rouaqien. The Sponsor of this School was called
«Zeno» who was in origin a Canaanite or «Phoenician»
as the Greeks used to call some Canaanites. Zeno was born on the Eastern
coast of Cyprus at the end of the 4th century B.C.
of the leaders of this school were born in Sidaa, or on the bank of the
River Aas or the River Trigris.
This school had a great influence on Greek culture, then Roman culture,
then the Neo-Platonic school which appeared in Alexandria, and it continued
to exert influence on European thought and behavior until the ages of
Renaissance and Reformation. Thus the Rouoqi Philosophy was a torch-light
for Reformers that illuminated for them the path to perfection, happiness,
and practical wisdom in life.
influence of this school is self-evident in the European literature during
the Roman Empire. Seneca, Cicero, Epic Titus and Marcus Aurelius were followers
of the Rouaqis. This school excelled over all other schools all over the
world. It was unparalleled in its longevity, and the range of its extensiveness
during the period of the Greeks and Romans. The Rouaqi Pattern was followed
by Westerners until the ages of The French Philosopher Descaries and the
American philosopher Emmerson, and their contemporary disciples.
The stamp of the Semitic mentally - which is almost that of the Arabian
Peninsula - was noticeable in all the teachings of the Rouaqui school,
viz, in metaphysics or natural science or ethics.
upheld monotheism, and linked action with God, and reaction with matter.
Sometimes it was inclined to the unity of being in its metaphysical researches.
natural science, it fostered the principle that «the existing thing
is that which acts and reacts», to the exclusion of all other ideal
or fantastic suppositions. All that exists in the universe can be referred
to sense, experience and the ability to act and react. They might have
been the pilot-patrons of the Experimental school which appeared 2,000
years later. «Strabo», the great Geographer, believed that
Mokhos Al-Sidaoui was the first enunciator of the «Molecule»
before the Trojan War. He related it to the account rendered by the well-known
Rouaqi philosopher Bossidneos. Thus he precedes others in broaching the
questions of the ' molecule' and the `atomic bomb».
regards ethics, they appraised philosophical research by its usefulness
in bringing about a better life, happiness and perfection. To them the
ideal ethical conduct consists in self-restraint, cultivating the will
and disowning greed and lusts.
It is not difficult
to relate the reasons for that Rouaqi penchant, or this ancient Arabic
philosophy. It stems from three sources, each of which can orientate it
in that direction. These three sources are the dominance of the tribe,
the influence of religion and the power of the state and order.
The tribe imposes on its members patience, a hard life and the preservation of its
old whole tribe. Each individual therefore has to account for all relations
between him and the members of his tribe and other tribes. All that an
individual feared was to be (disowned) and thus to become irrevocably unfit
for reinstatement, and of no account.
comes the influence of religion and priesthood after the tribe had taken
up the civilization rites and inherited customs. Old priesthood does not
differ from the rites and arts relevant to life and conduct. The individual
who renounced it was liable to grave danger, equal to disownment or worse,
because he would be excommunicated from his tribe and from the followers
Concomitant, with the influence of religion was the dominance of order
and law of the awe-inspiring state, which was based on family relationships
and the rites of worship, or on lineal heredity and the faith conscientiously
If these three sources were agreed on the establishment of a school of
wisdom, no wonder that that school was established on the lines of Rouaqi
schools, the rise of which was known, and understandable among the Arab
descendants. However, it is strange not to be able to relate, at the first
glance, the reasons for the spread of this school throughout the Greek
and Roman environments, in other words, throughout Europe. It would have
been impossible to understand the reasons for that spread, had it not been
for the psychological unrest of Europeans after the conquests of
Alexander and before the call to the Christian Faith.