Who Are the Arabs?
Who Are the Arabs ?
they a people who go back further in history than the name they are known
by today ? Most probably they are the origin of the Semitic race from which
have branched out the chaldeans, Assyrians, Canaanites and Hebrews and
all other Semitic people that settled between the two rivers, Palestine
and the surrounding desert and towns. The Abyssinian people may be connected
with the Arab people by Genealogy although they are a mixture of Semites and Hamites
of these people talks in one of the different dialects of the one language,
which is the origin of the Semitic languages. The signs of this language
is the common 3-letter verb construction in all its branches; the similarity
of their pronouns and vocabulary, and a great many roots and derivatives.
A further evidence was the resemblance between their physical traits before
their marriage on a large scale into the surrounding African and Asian
If all these
peoples have one origin, it is most probable and most conceivable that
this origin stems from the Arab Peninsula for the following reasons:
change-over of the people from pastoral life to agricultural life is a
stage in the normal evolution of history; it is abnormal that people change
from a settled town-life to a pasture-life in the desert.|
|The Peninsula of Arabia - in is well-known isolation - is the most conservative
of places and maintains its original state, it is also the most place short
of the necessary feeding resources to satisfy its inhabitants, a fact that
impels them to emigrate to the neighboring river-valleys.|
was established that emigration in remote and near ages of history was
from the directions of Bahrain and the holy places, the most recent instance
took place after Islam with simultaneous movement of Arabs to Iraq and
Syria in the reign of the Caliph Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq.
nothing to prevent modern history from being used as evidence for ancient
history, particularly when it is completely devoid of stories, whether
known or inferred, about the emigration of riverine people and the inhabitants
of river-valleys to the peninsula of Arabia in remote or recent times.
The Sumerians who inhabited the area between the two ancient rivers, were
there 10,000 years ago, and in has been established that the Semites were
the people who left their homeland and moved to the area between the Two
Rivers where had risen capitals bearing Semitic names such as Babel (Bab-Allah
or Bab Ayel).
There is another viewpoint which claims that the Semites rose in another
place than the Arabian Peninsula:
This view is strongly voiced by the renowned Professor (Guidi the Great),
an Italian scientist well-known in Cairo. This scientist bases his argument
on the similarity between the Semitic languages and the numerous names
of plants and waters in their earliest Dialects. He believes that the common
use of this vocabulary in the Semitic languages indicates an origin in
fertile hands, abounding in plantation and rivers, and not in the Arabian
desert and its like.
view is flimsy because it is not founded on strong grounds; nor does the
condition of the Arabian Peninsula prevailing long before modern discoveries
support it. Further evidence comes from the condition of the Peninsula
as indicated by the discoveries of stratigraphy, climatology and anthropology.
meadows and fertile lands were by no means unknown in the Southern and
North-Eastern parts of the Peninsula at Bahrain and Yamama Valley. These
places were frequented by emigrants in ancient times; sometimes those emigrants
came from Yemen to Bahrain, and beyond Bahrain to the area between the
Two Rivers the Syrian desertland; sometimes they proceeded from the first
parts of Bahrain to its Northern outskirts.
of Yamama remained after Islam, renowned for its vast pasture-land, gurgling
springs heavy rainfall and dense meadows which were the remnants or a more fertile
and inhabitable land in former times. The German traveler Schoenvert
noticed that wheat, barley, buffaloes, goats, mutton and cattle had been
found in Yemen and ancient Arabia before they were domesticated in Egypt
the latest scientific discoveries, the Arabian Peninsula was exposed in
the very ancient times to drought and earth-quakes. Aridity superseded
fertility over the ages until the land had mostly turned to desert by historic
times. The state of the Arabian Peninsula is sufficient to explain the
resemblance between the Semitic languages in the words «fertility,
fruits, water», but the other view, that Professor Guidi, does not
explain the hypothesis that the Arabs had emigrated, say from between the
Two Rivers or from Syria to the arid desertland. This hypothesis rests
on no evidence either in the early accounts, or in plausible circumstances
and familiar precedents, of which examples are given in modern history.
can therefore state that descendants of the Arabs originating in their first
Peninsula have lived in the middle of the habitable world for 5,000 years
at least, and that whatever benefits Europeans have obtained from these
regions throughout the ages was an Arab heritage or a heritage which spread
in the world after the Arabs had admixed with the people of other countries.
heritage is not small because it includes the original concepts for Europeans
- of Reason, Spirit, and the causes of civilization which are : (1) Religious
beliefs (2) Art of living and conduct (3) Arts of writing and education
(4) Art of peace and war and the exchange of goods.