The Principles of Communist System

The principles gathered by Marxists from his ideas on which the communist system was set up and on which the communist government is founded can be summarized in the following points:

  1. There is no god and life is material. In the view of the proletariat law, moral values and religion are nothing more than deep-rooted bourgeois conceptions behind which bourgeoisie interest lurk. There are as many interest as there are concepts. The mission of the proletariat is to destroy religion and its advocates. In his thesis on Hegel, Marx says of religion that it is the expectoration of the oppressed creature of his feelings towards a cruel world; it is the opium given to peoples. Elsewhere, talking about the war between classes in France, he says that religion is the opium with which peoples are anaesthetized to be easily robbed. Religion, he adds, was used for spiritual subjugation as the state was used for economic exploitation.

    Lenin, his successor, says in this respect that religionist the opium given to people to pacify them. It is, he adds, a kind of alcohol of the spirit in which the slaves of capitalism bury their human characteristic and their sense of a dignified human life.
  2. Abolition of private ownership, nationalization of projects and establishments and the placing of the wealth of the whole nation in the hands of the government which will be directed by the proletariat from outside if they are not represented from within. In this context, Engels states that the proletariat take over political power and transfer the means of social production to public ownership in an attempt to escape control by the bourgeoisie. By such action, they eliminate devices such as capital and allow devices of a social character the freedom to gain round. Social production is to be reorganized according to a set plan and the development of production makes the existence of classes a matter of the past. It removes the general authority of the state and chaotic social production. The people finally control mutual cooperation and become the masters of nature and of themselves that is, they become free.
  3. The putting an end to internal trade and the adoption of a ration system which allows individuals to obtain their necessities against a card. Individuals are not allowed to themselves engage in external trade; it is the monopoly of the state.

    After reviewing the factors which demolish capitalism Engels states that there is no solution other than practical Precognition of the character of the new forces of production namely, the reconciling of the means of production, ownership and exchange and the character of the means of social production. This goal, he continues, cannot be achieved unless the means of production, greatly increased and controlled by man himself, are seized in entirely.
  4. The application of wages system. The theory that something has to be taken from everybody according to his potentiality and given to others according to their needs should not be determined according to the volume of work an individual produces. Instead, it should be determined by the value of necessities required by the worker. Social wealth is nothing but the sum total from which an individual consumes whatever satisfies his requirements and not whatever corresponds with his services and work.